Cognitive science is the study of mind, its processes, and its functions. In a broader sense, it is about the different tasks of cognition. Scientists in this field study various functions of the brain which include memory, learning, attention, reasoning, emotions, empathy, and perception to understand these concepts in a better way they use psychology, philosophy, linguistics, and artificial intelligence. The study is not limited to cognition in humans but also in animals and machines. The goal of using artificial intelligence in cognitive science is to make a better comprehension of the mind, take benefit of the technology and to build smart devices that could make our lives much better and easier. AI involves studying the cognitive aspect of machines and to incorporate human intelligence into computers and to benefit from them.
Subfields of artificial intelligence that incorporates mind and machines are:
This is simply a computer aiding in any sort of reasoning. Its main focus is on automated theorem proving where it is attempted to check whether something follows from something else. For example, whenever humans try to reason out some topic they use reasoning, make a hypothesis, and reasonable inferences from what they already know and are aware of.
This is an attempt to create beings that have cognitive skills and can perform tasks that require cognitive powers such as memorizing and learning. These robots are very different from basic robots that work in industries whose tasks are very narrow, direct, and well-defined. The results could be a creation scary such as Westworld.
These are those agents that dwell in cyber and internet environments such as videogames. Since their environment is narrower so they are much simpler than cognitive robots as they are not connected to the actual physical world. Cognitive science, however, is still needed in this.
Philosophy of AI
The field of artificial intelligence is full of philosophical queries for example what includes personal being? How can consciousness be interpreted? Does free will exist? Does moral responsibility exist? AI philosophers debate various models of cognition, for example, connectionism and Logicism and different problems that have come up throughout the life span of AI.
Hence, the combination of the study of cognitive science, thinking learning, memorizing, problem-solving, and artificial intelligence, the study of computers, and computer software to develop intellectual beings helps to develop various technologies that benefit the society and bring ease in our lives.